Lack of representation.
We now have 435 representatives for a population of approx 300 million people.
The United States Constitution, Article 1, Section 2 states:
Clause 1: The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
Clause 2: No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.
Clause 3: Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. (See Note 2) The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
Clause 4: When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
Clause 5: The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
290,000,000 divided by 415 = 698795.18072289156626506024096386
That appears that we have about one representative per 700,000 people.
As noted above, we are allowed not more than one per 30,000. That would mean that we are legally allowed up to approx 9600 representatives.
Representation is the most fundamental principle of our governmental system.
This is the solution to decentralize power at the federal level.
Increasing representation will also put representation back at the local level. Our representatives belong in their districts, not DC.
This would offset the power of money in the political process, also.
Increasing representation allows a stronger voice of the people in relation to political lobbying.
Reducing dualist partisanship would be the primary benefit. Our country and it's current population demand our system evolve accordingly. The reality is we are operating at a level set in the early 1900's. You cannot support the rights of the constituency with inadequate representation. It is my position that this is the most primary cause of most of this country's problems.
Providing more balanced government through multiple parties (and independents) would yield a more fair system of representation.
Accountability? When you have your representatives at home where they belong, then our system will function as intended. The centralization of power does not bring forth positive change. Self governance must spring forth from the individual, he community, and followed by the state.
A chance at a personal/active relationship with your representative?
I find 435 to be too low for our system to properly function. There is a multitude of layers between you and your representative. The provides a buffer which allows a wall between you and government. Increasing representation would remove this wall and reduce it to a natural state of check and balance.
If the number of reps was at least 3-5 times the amount we have now (even though it probably should be much more), I think we would see the two party system give way to a multi party system and also start to see actual progress and a return to true American values.
By fixing the number of representatives, they have effectively put a cap on representation.
Of course, I think the federal government should be shut down until a full audit of the last thirty years can be performed and addressed accordingly.
The powers that be love me